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How to auto-format phone numbers and mask telephone numbers using Javascript


You can use the sample javascript given in this tutorial for javascript phone format and auto format telephone numbers during phone number entery into a phone textbox or mask textboxes for telephone numbers.

The sample javascript phone format code is prepared to format US phone number formats.
This phone format is same as Turkish telephone number format.
The phone number format in this article that the javascript can be used to mask is like (222)336-4520

You can freely use this javascript phone formatting script code.

You can enter phone number below in the textbox and you will see the telephone number entered will be formatted automatically.

Enter telephone number :

 

You can find the javascript code below or you can download a sample phone number format application from http://www.kodyaz.com/articles/javascript-phone-format-script.txt





<script language="javascript">

<!-- This script is based on the javascript code of Roman Feldblum (web.developer@programmer.net) -->
<!-- Original script : http://javascript.internet.com/forms/format-phone-number.html -->
<!-- Original script is revised by Eralper Yilmaz (http://www.eralper.com) -->
<!-- Revised script : http://www.kodyaz.com -->

var zChar = new Array(' ', '(', ')', '-', '.');
var maxphonelength = 13;
var phonevalue1;
var phonevalue2;
var cursorposition;

function ParseForNumber1(object){
phonevalue1 = ParseChar(object.value, zChar);
}
function ParseForNumber2(object){
phonevalue2 = ParseChar(object.value, zChar);
}

function backspacerUP(object,e) {
if(e){
e = e
} else {
e = window.event
}
if(e.which){
var keycode = e.which
} else {
var keycode = e.keyCode
}

ParseForNumber1(object)

if(keycode >= 48){
ValidatePhone(object)
}
}

function backspacerDOWN(object,e) {
if(e){
e = e
} else {
e = window.event
}
if(e.which){
var keycode = e.which
} else {
var keycode = e.keyCode
}
ParseForNumber2(object)
}

function GetCursorPosition(){

var t1 = phonevalue1;
var t2 = phonevalue2;
var bool = false
for (i=0; i<t1.length; i++)
{
if (t1.substring(i,1) != t2.substring(i,1)) {
if(!bool) {
cursorposition=i
bool=true
}
}
}
}

function ValidatePhone(object){

var p = phonevalue1

p = p.replace(/[^\d]*/gi,"")

if (p.length < 3) {
object.value=p
} else if(p.length==3){
pp=p;
d4=p.indexOf('(')
d5=p.indexOf(')')
if(d4==-1){
pp="("+pp;
}
if(d5==-1){
pp=pp+")";
}
object.value = pp;
} else if(p.length>3 && p.length < 7){
p ="(" + p;
l30=p.length;
p30=p.substring(0,4);
p30=p30+")"

p31=p.substring(4,l30);
pp=p30+p31;

object.value = pp;

} else if(p.length >= 7){
p ="(" + p;
l30=p.length;
p30=p.substring(0,4);
p30=p30+")"

p31=p.substring(4,l30);
pp=p30+p31;

l40 = pp.length;
p40 = pp.substring(0,8);
p40 = p40 + "-"

p41 = pp.substring(8,l40);
ppp = p40 + p41;

object.value = ppp.substring(0, maxphonelength);
}

GetCursorPosition()

if(cursorposition >= 0){
if (cursorposition == 0) {
cursorposition = 2
} else if (cursorposition <= 2) {
cursorposition = cursorposition + 1
} else if (cursorposition <= 5) {
cursorposition = cursorposition + 2
} else if (cursorposition == 6) {
cursorposition = cursorposition + 2
} else if (cursorposition == 7) {
cursorposition = cursorposition + 4
e1=object.value.indexOf(')')
e2=object.value.indexOf('-')
if (e1>-1 && e2>-1){
if (e2-e1 == 4) {
cursorposition = cursorposition - 1
}
}
} else if (cursorposition < 11) {
cursorposition = cursorposition + 3
} else if (cursorposition == 11) {
cursorposition = cursorposition + 1
} else if (cursorposition >= 12) {
cursorposition = cursorposition
}

var txtRange = object.createTextRange();
txtRange.moveStart( "character", cursorposition);
txtRange.moveEnd( "character", cursorposition - object.value.length);
txtRange.select();
}

}

function ParseChar(sStr, sChar)
{
if (sChar.length == null)
{
zChar = new Array(sChar);
}
else zChar = sChar;

for (i=0; i<zChar.length; i++)
{
sNewStr = "";

var iStart = 0;
var iEnd = sStr.indexOf(sChar[i]);

while (iEnd != -1)
{
sNewStr += sStr.substring(iStart, iEnd);
iStart = iEnd + 1;
iEnd = sStr.indexOf(sChar[i], iStart);
}
sNewStr += sStr.substring(sStr.lastIndexOf(sChar[i]) + 1, sStr.length);

sStr = sNewStr;
}

return sNewStr;
}
</script>

 

 

And edit the html code for the phone input textbox like the below one:

<input type="text" name="txtInput" onkeydown="javascript:backspacerDOWN(this,event);" onkeyup="javascript:backspacerUP(this,event);" />

I have developed and modified the above phone format javascript in order to mask telephone numbers as "(123) 456-7890" which has an additional space character after the first block.
You can see how I updated the phone formatting javascript at Javascript Phone Format : Phone Number Format and Mask Telephone Numbers with Javascript.



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